What Skills Should a Chemist Have

chimieIf you would like to become a chemist, you will need to have a good academic background. The exact entry requirements for university courses depend on the institution, but most will require you to have good grades in English and math, in addition to, of course, science. This may seem counter-intuitive, but good English skills are essential for clear communication, and a solid grounding in math indicates that you have the critical thinking and analytic skills required to work in the sciences.

Naturally, a good knowledge of chemistry is important. If you have the opportunity to study separate sciences at school instead of a single, generic “science” course, then you should take it. The general science courses offer a decent foundation, but you will learn more fundamentals, and more “hard science” in the named courses. You should also pursue a mathematics course that covers algebra, calculus and statistics as well as applied mathematics.

Computing courses are valuable for people in all walks of life, and are becoming increasingly important for chemists. Knowledge of how to build spreadsheets and work with common scripting languages will prove important when it comes to modelling experiments.

Chemists are frequently required to work in teams, and must always pay attention to details. Failure to record experiments accurately or pay attention to every last detail in the lab could have disastrous consequences. Chemists often handle hazardous materials, and the smallest mistake could put someone in danger. Even if no one is harmed by a mistake, there is always the chance of that mistake affecting the outcome of an experiment and ruining all of the work that you and your colleagues have done.

Chemists work in several different specializations. When you are first studying to become a chemist you will get a grounding in the discipline as a whole. Later, you will be allowed to specialize. Common specializations include organic chemistry, biochemistry, analytic chemistry, and environmental chemistry. If you choose to pursue a specialism then you may need to have a background in another science, such as biology.

Chemists do valuable work that affects the day to day lives of everyone in the world. For example, biochemists work with living organisms, and have made discoveries that have advanced the fields of medicine and even food production. Organic chemists also help with the development of medicines and food supplements. The work that environmental chemists do helps to find ways to stop pollution and undo some of the damage that we have done to the environment.

It can take four or more years to become a qualified chemist, but it is well worth the effort. While you are studying for your master’s degree you will most likely be required to take up an internship or spend a year working in your chosen field so that you can see how chemistry is done in a real world environment. Studying at university gives you the theoretical skills you need, but having experience with applying them is a different matter entirely.

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Skills Required For A Nursing Career

5736113713_40de9ae124_nBeing a nurse is a fascinating career path full of intriguing challenges. Yet, not everyone is cut out for this stressful, high intensity career path. There are a range of skills and abilities required in order to become a successful nurse with a long, noteworthy career. Let’s take a look at some of these skills and abilities necessary for an upcoming nurse.


Time Management

The first skill required is being able to keep an eye on the clock. A lot of medical procedures being carried out by the nursing staff requires a vigilant eye on the clock. If the procedure is even off by a few seconds, it can lead to negative consequences that no one wishes to face.
This skill is essential in this day and age of nursing. The medical staff expects high-quality performance from their nurse each and every time. The nurse has to remain alert at all times in order to maximize their role in the treatment of a patient.

Nurses are responsible for a range of tasks that include giving medications to patients. If these medications are not given on time, it can lead to a set back in the ongoing treatment. This is why time management is of utmost importance.


The next skill required is the ability to communicate with the staff. Being a nurse is not a job that is independent of communication. Every treatment is a team effort with each medical professional playing a pivotal role. Yet, with misinterpretations and flaws in communicating ongoing treatments, the results can be fatal. It is important to always remain on the same page as the rest of the staff.
This is why communication is such an essential requirement for a successful nursing career. Not only is communication with the staff important, communicating with the patient is critical too. Understanding what the patient is going through makes the treatment process better for all parties involved.


This links back to the idea of keeping an eye on the patient. Always keep an open line of communication with the patient is essential. A successful nurse will always be looking to make sure the patient is comfortable and relaying their thoughts and opinions.
Being observant is a necessary skill for a nurse that is looking to have a long career. Patients and their condition can change in a second and an alert nurse is able to pick up on signs to make changes to the treatment plan.

Pressure Management

The final skill required is the ability to handle a severe amount of pressure on a regular basis. Nurses are always under the pump to make sure they provide results that are meaningful for the patient and their staff.

If a nurse is not able to handle the pressure of having someone’s life in their hands, the career path is not the right choice. Nurses have to be able to understand the reality of this pressure and accept it. Only those who relish under this pressure end up succeeding.

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Important Skills to Build a Solar Panel

3248361923_d2c7c22e75_nThe cost of fuel is increasing at a steady rate with each passing day. It will not be long when the cost of powering a home would be one of the highest expenses of a household. More and more families are experimenting with do-it-yourself solar panels in order to offset the monthly utility bill of the household. But it is not easy if you don’t have the important skills that is needed to build a solar panel. Most people who tries to build a solar panel find it difficult to build things from scratch and often would stumble over obstacles in the middle of the project. The major issue with these people are the lack of do-it-yourself (DIY) skills.

This article will highlight some of the most important skills that a person should have in order to build a solar panel.

A person trying to build a solar panel without the basic skills is similar to a man trying to paint something without knowing how to handle a paint brush in the first instance. It would definitely be difficult, at least the first few steps. The three essential skills that are needed to build a solar panel would be the practical knowledge of electrical circuits, handling of tools and soldering. Handling of materials are very important when trying to build a solar panel. Whether it is metal or wood, you must learn how to manipulate the material to shape them according to your design. You must learn to handle hand tools or power tools, so that you can cut and bend the materials. Then, the surfaces and edges should be polished with the jagged edges being removed.

The solar panels consists of row after row of electrical connections that must be soldered. Soldering skills in using a solder iron in order to bond metallic joints, is a must. Bad solder joints can lower the efficiency of the solar panel by way of energy production. Soldering skills could be acquired by anyone within fifteen minutes of practice, and you don’t have to be concerned too much about it.

A sound knowledge about how electronics work will be extremely helpful when building a solar panel. Even though you will not be designing your solar panel from scratch, you will have to know how to implement the circuit design recorded on paper. An elementary electronic formula will come in handy when sizing your solar panel system. This knowledge can be acquired easily if you read the instructions on the manual or search for it on the internet. Remember learning this is not rocket science. There are enough books written on homemade solar panels in your local bookstore. You can brush-up your knowledge on the subject by visiting your local library either.

Once you have acquired the above knowledge and skills, you will be fully updated on building a solar panel with ease. The basic skills above are necessary to build a solar panel that would function with a higher energy efficiency.

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Receptionist Skills: Putting Your Best Foot Forward

receptionist deskFirst impressions are important and even though a company may have a fantastic website, an outstanding customer service team, and an incredible product, it is still vital to present a professional and welcoming demeanor when visitors arrive at your company. Receptionists are the first person that visitors to a physical location meet. Depending upon how they are greeted and treated, your company’s guests will form either a positive or negative first impression. Here are the top skills that successful receptionists possess.

1. The ability to be polite without being inefficient.

Visitors should be greeted politely. The receptionist should make them feel welcome but understand that the guest is there to do business. Good listening skills will go far here. Once the guest has stated the purpose of their visit, a good receptionist should be able to get them on their way efficiently.

Should there be a delay, the receptionist ensures that this information is immediately communicated. Any paperwork for security purposes should be filled out right away. In many cases, the receptionist will offer a beverage.

2. Receptionists should understand how the company is structured.

Sometimes visitors arrive unannounced but still have a legitimate reason to be there. A skillful receptionist is able to make a few calls to find the right contact. Guests should be made welcome and kept in the loop. During busy times, the receptionist should keep notes and follow up to ensure that everyone’s needs are taken care of.

3. Receptionists should have a positive sense of humor.

Most guests don’t understand that a receptionist wears many hats within a company. But, this doesn’t mean that the receptionist should be grumpy when interrupted by a visitor. Instead, they should be organized enough to pause at the task at hand and give full and friendly attention to the person in front of them. A warm smile goes a long way.

4. Be prepared to provide a wide variety of support to the office.

Most receptionists are given large projects to work on in between calls or visitors. They should be prepared to learn how to operate most of the software that is used within the company. Oftentimes, they are asked to order supplies at a good price and collect and deliver packages. In order to be successful, receptionists must also be versatile and willing to pitch in on a wide variety of projects.

5. Receptionists must be able to multitask and prioritize.

Because the job entails so many interruptions throughout the day, a vital receptionist skill is the ability to multitask. Many are able to do this because they are highly organized and keep an accurate list of the projects they are involved in.

Receptionists can receive work from multiple departments (see receptionist job description). Before agreeing to take a task on, they should always ask for a due date and the level of importance. Prioritizing helps them to provide good service and keeps the company running more smoothly.

Receptionists do much more than greet people. They are polite and knowledgeable about the company. In addition, they are able to work with many different vendors and work on a wide variety of projects using many different types of software.

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Essential Line Cook Skills

line cookLine cooks are on the front lines when it comes to food preparation. The position doesn’t require a great deal of creativity since you will be executing the dishes developed by either the sous chef or the head chef, but it does require some heavy duty line cook skills in order to be successful. If you are pursuing a culinary career, here are some techniques that you must master to be successful.

1. Understand Kitchen Lingo.

Kitchens can be incredibly hectic places. During busy dinner or lunch times, patrons want their food quickly, well-prepared, and tasty. In order to reduce non-essential talk, kitchen short-hand has become part of the work scene. Knowing that “Fire” means “Start Cooking Immediately” and that calling out “Hot” when transporting hot food through the kitchen reduces the risk of injury keeps food deliveries timely and creates a safe kitchen environment.

2. Practice Those Knife Skills.

Different recipes call for different cuts. Make sure that you know the difference between a dice and a julienne. Line cooks are expected to have ingredients prepared and ready at their station before the busy time begins. However, when the pan runs dry, honed knife skills will allow the line cook to quickly restock without delaying the diner’s selection.

3. Have A Solid Foundation Of Safe Food Handling Practices.

No one wants to get sick after eating at their favorite restaurant and the restaurant owner and chef should work hard to maintain safe handling conditions. This is one of the top line cook skills that should be completely mastered from the first day on the job. Develop a habit of constantly cleaning your work area and check storage temperatures routinely throughout your shift. Once it becomes a habit, you won’t have to think about it.

4. Be Open To Learning And Criticism.

A line cook position is generally considered to be an entry level position in the restaurant industry. Take advantage of opportunities to learn new skills and techniques when they arise. If there is a problem with a dish that you have prepared, listen to the criticism with an open mind. Once you understand the source of the difficulty, you can adjust your techniques and grow within your career.

5. Select The Clothing You Wear With Care.

This may not seem like one of the obvious line cook skills that you need to master. However, the reality is that you will be spending most of your time on your feet. Make sure that your shoes are very comfortable and that they are slip resistant. You will avoid damage to your body from prolonged periods of standing in place and reduce the risk of falling injuries.

Many people love cooking but an apprenticeship period can be stressful. By taking the time to master these skills, you will be able to maximize your potential for growth within your chosen field. Creating good tasting and healthy food will always be in demand. Once you have mastered these line cook skills, you need never worry about finding a good job within the restaurant industry.

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Orthodontist – General Information

Orthodontists practice a branch of dentistry called orthodontics. They diagnose tooth alignment problems and fix them using specific tool and procedures. Their qualifications include supervising erupting teeth in order to prevent misalignment, identifying jaw problems and guiding teeth so as to obtain symmetric jaws, correcting crooked teeth, identifying and correcting under and overbite, fixing teeth misalignment caused by thumb sucking, etc. They can use X-rays in order to best identify dental problems and establish a personalized treatment.


The orthodontic education is rather long and costly. It starts with a Bachelor of Science degree or a Bachelor of Arts Degree complemented by extra courses in specified fields (biology, inorganic and organic chemistry, mathematics, etc.). The next step is the dental school, where students learn the basics of dental care. Throughout the four years of study, students will be taught everything they need to know about teeth and their problems, as well as the best treatment options. In the final years the students undergo practical courses which enable them to interact with the patients. The last stage in orthodontists’ education is the 2-4 years specialization courses, where the dental professionals are taught the insights of orthodontics. All courses involve direct contact with the patient and some of the programs also offer remuneration for the work involved.

Once the orthodontic program is finished, the individual gets certification for their knowledge and can work as a qualified orthodontist. However, the practical learning never stops, because this field changes constantly, new techniques are developed and new medicines available.

Career Options

Orthodontists can work in different types of establishments, in state or private environment. By far the most profitable are the private offices in which the orthodontist is the owner or a business associate. The income in such offices can raise up to $300,000. Hospitals, emergency rooms, day care centers and other state medical clinics are also good positions for orthodontists.

Dentists willing to enlarge their knowledge in the field can apply for a 2-years specialization program and get a degree in orthodontics. This way they can perform both dental and orthodontic procedures.


The orthodontist’s salary varies considerably according to multiple factors, including the type of establishment in which they work, the area in which the office is located, the number of years of experience and the reputation gained along the years and the exposure the office/professional enjoys. The median salary in the US reported for 2013 is $190,000 per year, a rather decent salary compared to other jobs available in the medical field. However, it is estimated that most of the orthodontists do not cover their study costs in the first five years of practicing the job.

Career Outlook

The prospects for the orthodontist career are bright, as the number of available jobs in the niche is expected to grow by 21% until 2020. This means that over 1,800 new positions will be opened in US for graduates as well as for reputable orthodontists. The increasing interest in the perfect smile has directed more and more people towards the orthodontists’ office. At the same time insurance companies developed different plans which can help people benefit from orthodontic treatment at affordable rates and this can only contribute to the increase in demand for such treatments.

The orthodontist can influence patient’s facial appearance as well as their teeth functionality. Children and adults put their hopes in orthodontists’ hands each day. If you would like to be one of those professionals helping people to smile again, be prepared for a long, hard and costly training. This period may be followed by other months of accommodation and searching for a job, but once the first happy clients appear, the entire struggle will be forgotten!

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